Our solar system is home to a strange and wonderful climate, with storms more terrifying in magnitude than anything else in the recorded history of the earth. From centuries-old hurricanes on Jupiter to giant winds on Neptune, when you leave Earth you will be amazed at what you find.
On Mars, you’ll find huge dust storms that cover the entire planet, while Venus has an incredibly thick and fast-moving atmosphere that can create permanent eddies at its poles. There are some huge storms on Jupiter and Saturn that are larger than the diameter of several Earths. that have been plagued for decades or even centuries. The ice giant Neptune has the fastest winds in the solar system, and inside, Neptune and Uranus diamonds can rain.
Thanks to new space missions, we have learned more about these fascinating things. Scientists are also carrying out long-term studies of weather systems, such as storms that break out from the sun and have direct effects on the earth. or the unknown, who knows what else there is to discover in the solar system?
Jupiter’s Big Red Spot: An Earth-Sized Hurricane
This iconic storm has hit Jupiter for centuries, but it may not exist forever.The giant cyclone is comparable to a hurricane on Earth, although it is considerably larger: it measures about 16,000 kilometers wide, which is about 1.3 times as wide as our planet. However, recent evidence suggests that the storm may be subsiding, although it can devour other storms for a boost.
This isn’t the only extreme weather on Jupiter: at its north and south poles, there are strange rows of cyclones arranged in a circle, while the planet’s intense radiation bathes some of its moons like Io and Europa, NASA Juno spacecraft which will orbit Jupiter in 2016 have occurred. has collected incredible data on this gas giant using a range of instruments.
Includes a microwave radiometer to measure Jupiter’s deep atmosphere, ultraviolet and infrared cameras to take pictures of the planet’s atmosphere and its aurora borealis, and JunoCam, which was also very busy catching
Saturn Lightning: 10,000 Times More Powerful Than Earth’s
Surprisingly, on Saturn we not only saw lightning, but also heard it. NASA’s Cassini spacecraft, which orbited Saturn from 2004 to 2017, was able to detect lightning bolts on the planet during the day, which means they must have been incredibly intense – some lightning bolts are said to be 10,000 times more powerful than those on the planet. Earth, according to NASA.
By observing the planet’s radio emissions, Cassini was also able to “hear” the storms discharging into the atmosphere. Saturn occasionally develops massive storms stretching 300,000 kilometers and orbiting almost the entire planet, while the gas giant’s north pole is home to a strange and permanent hexagon of clouds that extends deep into the planet.
Solar Storms: Angry Outbursts That Knock Out Power Grids
The sun can wreak havoc on our planet. Solar storms are made up of bursts of radiation and charged particles, which can seriously damage satellites, which closely monitor solar activity and prepare for the worst. But occasionally, when a major storm comes, satellites and power grids, despite our best efforts, can occasionally get one catch violent solar flare.
In 1859, a powerful solar flare named after the astronomer Richard Carrington caused widespread disruption in global telegraph communications. The Carrington Event of 1859 also triggered incredible northern lights that were visible as far as the southern Caribbean.
In 1989, a solar flare destroyed power transmission from Hydro Québec’s power station, causing a blackout that left six million people without power for nine hours.
Solar activity has even been suggested to be a possible cause of the Titanic’s sinking, as new research suggests a solar storm behind the impressive spectacle of the northern lights at the time of the sinking could have disrupted navigation and communication systems, seriously hampering the rescue.
Venus vortex: A Storm Moving Faster Than Its Planet
At the south pole of Venus, a large vortex the size of Europe rotates in the atmosphere. This vortex seems to have existed for a long time and is the result of a strange Venus atmosphere moving faster than the planet, reaching speeds of up to 400 kilometers per hour, 60 times faster than the planet rotating, according to the European Space Agency.
Venus is also the hottest planet in the solar system, but it’s no closest to the sun. Its hellishly dense atmosphere covers the planet, trapping heat in a runaway greenhouse effect.
As a result, temperatures on Venus can reach 870 degrees Fahrenheit (465 degrees Fahrenheit), and even rain on Venus does not provide relief from the terrible weather. Corrosive sulfuric acid falls from clouds and, due to the extreme surface temperatures, evaporates before it reaches the ground.
Neptune’s Mega Wind: Faster Than Speed Of Sound
It has the fastest winds in the solar system. At the highest altitudes on the planet, where methane gives Neptune its blue color, winds can reach speeds of more than 2,100 kilometers per hour, or 1.6 times the speed of sound. These immense winds also cause some major storms, such as the famous “Great Dark Spot” seen by the Voyager 2 probe in 1989.
Since then, Hubble has been on the lookout for storms due to the planet’s clockwise rotation (as opposed to hurricanes on Earth, which are low pressure systems and rotate counterclockwise). Over the years, Hubble has noted the arrival and disappearance of many Neptunian storms, one of which has recently baffled scientists.
Neptune’s equator followed the path of several storms ahead of it, although this vortex made a steep U-turn and, to the surprise of researchers, began to drift north on the surface.
Martian Dust Storms: Tornados Visible From Space
In 2018 huge dust strom flood surface of mars, obscuring much of its surface from our view. These storms, known on Earth as “haboobs,” occur fairly regularly on Mars, happening every few years, but this one was particularly large. They’re caused by the sun heating the planet’s atmosphere and kicking up dust from the ground, although scientists aren’t sure how they get so big. According to NASA, they pose problems on the surface for solar-powered rovers that rely on sunlight.
Mars also experiences dust devils, miniature tornadoes that form and move across the surface. This phenomenon is not limited to the Red Planet, but is also observed on Earth.
Dust devils form when the ground warms up and brings the air closer to the earth. When ascending, the air can come into contact with small, cooler air segments higher up, which in turn sets the column of air in rotation.
We can see these vortices of dust from the dirt they stir up. They are so visible that they can even be seen from space! In 2012, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter discovered a colossal Martian dust devil, 800 meters high and 30 meters wide.
Saturn’s Largest Moon Titan: You Would Feel Every Drop
Titan is one of the most enigmatic bodies in the solar system. This earth-like body has liquid on its surface, has a really strange climate, and has fascinated scientists for years.
Methane occasionally falls on Titan as rain after it evaporates from the surface and forms thick clouds. Methane rain on the icy moon fell very slowly due to the low gravity and thick haze, so you could feel every drop, University of Idaho physicist Rajani Dhingra told New Scientist in 2019
Titan Moon hydrological cycle (where “hydro” refers to methane and not water like on Earth), it shapes the landscape and feeds liquid methane and ethane into giant lakes like Kraken Mare that are more than 300 meters deep.